As introverts who want to help people, and feelers who love logic, INFJs can seem confusing, even to themselves.
INFJs often feel misunderstood. Perhaps it’s because they’re quiet and reserved and tend to share their deepest thoughts and feelings only with select people. Or maybe it’s because they are the rarest Myers-Briggs personality type, making up only 1-2 percent of the population, according to Truity.
More likely though, it’s because they are walking, talking contradictions. As introverts who want to help people, and feelers who love logic, they can seem confusing, even to themselves.
These contrary characteristics are not due to a lack of conviction or an intent to mislead. We all know that INFJs value personal integrity very highly. No, the reason INFJs are confusing is because they are complex people who are struggling to understand themselves. But once they do, they can use their plethora of paradoxes to make the world a better place.
Here are the top 10 contradictory traits of the INFJ. See how many you recognize in yourself!
Contradictory Traits of the INFJ
1. INFJs are both introverted and people-oriented at the same time.
The dominant function of INFJs is Introverted Intuition, which means they focus primarily on their internal world of ideas. But their auxiliary function is Extraverted Feeling, which gives them a focus on people.
In her book, What’s Your Type of Career?, psychologist Donna Dunning calls INFJs “compassionate visionaries” because they have a values-based focus that emphasizes the needs and feelings of people. This contradiction means that INFJs are torn between their need to socialize and their need for time alone to think and recharge.
As an INFJ, I enjoy spending time with people, but if I’ve spent too much time around others, I feel exhausted, burned out and I need several days to recuperate. But that doesn’t stop me being a shoulder to cry on!
2. They crave human connection yet can feel overwhelmed by it.
Unlike some other personality types, INFJs need more than just company. An evening spent chatting is a night out from hell. What INFJs really need from their interactions is a meaningful connection. They want to get to know other people deeply — their passions, desires, and motives — and they want other people to know them deeply in return. But this process is exhausting because we’re forever seeking a level of intimacy that others often don’t share.
For INFJs, it’s quality that counts, not quantity.
3. They stand up for others but may neglect themselves.
INFJs have a passionate desire to help people, so much so that it can take over every area of their life, including their relationships with friends and colleagues, as well as in romance. But it’s very easy for this sensitive type to give way too much and put other people’s needs before their own.
Have you noticed how you can steadfastly stick up for another person’s rights while struggling to speak up for yourself? That’s the paradox of the INFJ. You need to set clear boundaries about how much you will give — and remember to keep some of that compassion for yourself.
4. INFJs are both creative and rational.
The combination of introversion, sensitivity, and empathy in INFJs creates a person who absorbs lots of information from the world and the people around them. INFJs are constantly processing this steady stream of details. Consequently, they need a way to release all that energy and express what they’ve learned in a meaningful and creative way.
But INFJs are more than just dreamers. They are also practical, organized, logical people who enjoy thinking, analyzing, and studying complex ideas. As an INFJ writer, I love playing with words and using my Introverted Intuition to create stories. But I also love learning and have discovered a passion for science.
I often felt torn between what appeared to be opposite interests — but they don’t have to be. INFJs can be both creative and rational, artistic and logical, writers and scientists.
5. They are both detail-oriented and big-picture thinkers.
The minds of INFJs are always busy making sense of information, seeing patterns, forming theories, and creating ideas. As intuitives, INFJs are mainly focused on the big picture. They like information that is abstract, conceptual, and future-oriented. They see possibilities everywhere and may become absorbed in the way that disparate elements can connect.
But they also care about the details of their vision and work hard to get it right, whether they’re writing a song or preparing a presentation. However, sometimes they get so caught up in the details of their ideas that they forget about the details of everyday life! Consequently, INFJs can spend hours tinkering with a sentence while forgetting to pay the electricity bill.
I’m always thinking about ideas, which means I’ve learned to write myself reminder notes so I don’t forget my dentist appointment, or my lunch, while I’m planning my grand vision.
6. They can be extremely perceptive yet gullible.
Ah yes, the “G” word! As sensitive, intuitive people, INFJs have a highly accurate sixth sense about others. Our finely-tuned empathy means we can feel others’ feelings — and yes, we know when they’re not telling the whole truth. We have this ability to see through people’s outward persona to the real person underneath. We are also experts at body language and can detect subtleties in a tone of voice and language. This can make us appear almost psychic — okay, at the very least, weird — to people who don’t have these skills.
Problem is, once we get to know someone, we can be stupidly gullible and overly trusting — trust me, I’ve been there. As one of Keirsey’s Idealists, we tend to see the best in people and can be fooled into believing someone is trustworthy when they are not.
7. They are quiet yet passionate.
In his book, Creativity: The Psychology of Discovery and Invention, psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi describes 10 antithetical traits of creative people, many of which can be applied to INFJs, who are themselves creative. One of these is the tendency for creative types to be both full of energy and requiring a lot of rest. INFJs often appear as quiet, shy, and withdrawn individuals, but underneath that reserved exterior is a cauldron of ideas and passions, quietly bubbling away.
INFJs are always thinking about their next project and feel a fiery enthusiasm about the causes that are important to them. So while their dedication to the common good combined with their sponge-like ability to pick up information gives them an enormous source of energy, it also means they need long periods of rest and quiet time to reflect and recharge.
8. Somehow, INFJs are both smart and naïve.
According to Csikszentmihalyi, creative types are usually intelligent people, who also tend to exhibit a childlike manner. Children are often creative and yet many of us lose that creativity when we get older — and perhaps that’s because when we’re young, we’re given the freedom to play. Creativity is really about looking at things as if you’re seeing them for the first time and making innovative connections.
Creative people, including many INFJs, have the ability to see things in this childlike way, free from the constraints, judgments, and criticisms that often stop others from being creative as adults. A keen sense of curiosity, wonder, and fun can make you appear naïve and immature, but it can also mean you’re a highly creative person.